Songwriting Without An Instrument

Recently someone commented on one of my blogs that they would like to know how to write a song without an instrument.  You would think that because there is music involved, it would be next to impossible to write a song without any musical “ability”. If you are overwhelmed with the idea of learning an instrument, the fact is that many of us assume that we are supposed to become some kind of virtuoso on it which, as a guitar teacher, I can tell you is not true! Most guitar teachers can tell you that.

The Cmaj chord in guitar, with bass in G
Image via Wikipedia

Even if we are not singers, we can all hum.  And if you’ve been around music all of your life, as most of us have, you’ve probably found yourself humming along or singing along with your favourite songs.  If you already have some lyrics written, free yourself from your musical inhibitions by “singing” them in some sort of way that gives you a feel for the meter (rhythm) of them.  Don’t worry whether or not it is GOOD, just do it!  See if you can’t find some kind of melody that matches the meter and then just keep experimenting.  You might find that you “hear” certain melodies with certain lines and not with others.  That could mean that you just haven’t found it yet, or it could mean that the lines with no melodies just aren’t working.  So keep working at it, change the lines or mess around with another melody…just keep trying.  The more you liberate yourself from feeling like you CAN’T do it, the less inhibited you will become.

If you are overwhelmed with the idea of learning an instrument, the fact is that many of us assume that we are supposed to become some kind of virtuoso on it which, as a guitar teacher, I can tell you is not true!  Most people learn an adequate number of chords within a few weeks or months, for instance, to be able to play a good selection of songs that they like.  The fact is that many songs are rather simple in their chord progressions (a chord progression is a series of chords), and so they can be learned fairly easily.  So you can probably learn enough chords in a couple of months to start trying to match them to your lyrics.


As a songwriter, you don’t have to be a master of an instrument to adequately come up with some chords to your song.  So what I am advocating first is that you could pick up a guitar or sit at a piano and fool around with it by ear so that you can familiarize yourself with finding little melodies on it.  It doesn’t have to be a massive undertaking, just a simple way of getting to know the instrument so that you can feel comfortable with it.  Then if you feel ready, you can find some resources to show you how to play some simple chords, and then take it from there.

Your other option is to find someone who CAN play, and who can help you find chords and melodies.  This might take some doing, but then again, there could be someone in your own backyard or circle of friends who already plays and might be willing to experiment with your lyrics.  You can either give the lyrics entirely up to them, or you can sit with them and try to come up with some ideas together.

A third option would be to invest in some kind of software like Band-In-A-Box which is a clever computer software program that you can create backing tracks (music) to your melodies or lyrics with little effort.  You can play with chords without knowing which chords go together, and you can pick styles and instruments, again, without knowing much about them, and still come up with a decent sounding “band” to sing your songs along with.

I was at a songwriting retreat once where one of the participants in my little group didn’t play an instrument at all.  Somehow she had found someone to come up with chords to her melodies, so when it was her turn to perform one of her songs, she just gave the chords to someone who could play guitar and she sang along with him.  I admired her for her dedication to songwriting even though she had never learned an instrument.  And you don’t have to be limited either!

Now I know that some of you out there reading this blog might have suggestions of your own, so if you do, please add them below!  Comments and replies always welcome :-).


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  1. Thanks, I was feeling a little anxious regarding not knowing how to play any instrument.

    I like writing a lot, I just need to focus more. I have written a couple of lyrics and worked well with others to turn my words into proper songs. I was just wondering how realistic is this situation, I mean, are there groups that work this way?

    I am not into playing instruments but I don’t want to feel I’m “no good” for just wanting to write lyrics and sing.

    Thanks again 🙂

  2. It’s been well over a year since this blog post, but oh well.
    I’m fourteen, and I just naturally fell into songwriting, if that makes any sense. I’ve never written a song using a guitar or piano (actually, I can’t play either of them).
    My style of songwriting is very different to others. Most of the time, the melody and lyrics just come to me at the same time. I’ve never written a whole song at once; I always think up bits and pieces of the song, then put them together.
    I have many originals, but I don’t know how to make the backing music for it. Since I don’t know anything about music theory, I don’t know what key it is in, nor what chords I should use.
    Do you have any advice?

  3. You don’t have to know anything about music theory to play an instrument…this is a false notion that a lot of people have. You can just pick up a guitar and learn a chord or two from a book (or the internet) and start playing from there.

    But if you don’t really want to learn to play then you need to find someone who can help you with it. If you don’t personally know anyone who can play, I’d suggest you join an online songwriting community like Muse’s Muse where there are lots of songwriters willing to help each other with their songs. Start with one song, post it and see if you can find someone who’ll help you out…it might take awhile to get the right help so be patient!


  4. Thank you. I learned how to become a poet for the dream of songwriting.. But I’m just so frustrated right now that I can’t even make my own melody. I tried playing the piano but I just can’t have it in naturally… 🙁 🙁 🙁 I could cry right now. But thanks for this.. It consoled me too.

    1. Don’t ever give up! If it’s your dream, then keep trying to find a melody for your lyrics, even if it means finding someone else to help you. Good luck!

  5. Hi, i have the same problem that Moeno has, exept im a begginer in keys and theory and struggle to play and sing at the same time. I’m also worried that coz i’m 24 it might be too late for it though i believe i could make it if i just learned piano. I write and sing confidently but i feel stuck and discouraged because of the pressure of getting my music out there. What could i do?

    1. Hi Melody…thanks for your question. I was away on holidays, so I’m sorry I didn’t respond sooner! If you’re a pop songwriter, your age matters more. But 24 is still pretty young so I don’t think you should give up just because of that! I always encourage people to play an instrument, but as I said in this article, if you can find someone to help you work out/chart your songs that will certainly give you a starting point.

      Never give up! Keep your nose to the grindstone, keep working at it, keep writing. You never know what’s going to be around the corner…maybe from somewhere you don’t even expect. Don’t over think it, just do it. Don’t be too critical of your “cannots”, just work harder on your “cans”. “Stuck and discouraged” is a state of mind, and you have all of the power in the world to change that.

      Take a step, and then another step, that’s all you need to focus on.
      Good luck!

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